Story of 神戸真珠

History of Cultured PearlsL
Born in Japan and dress up woman's chest・
    "Japanese Akoya Pearls"


Cultured pearls・The story of its birth

 1893, Succeeded in cultivating half-pearls for the first time in the world
Kokichi Mikimoto was born in Toba of Ise and his family traditionally owned a noodle shop. He was very interested in the growth of natural pearls gathered by Ama pearl divers. He was considering cultivating pearls upon the advice of a Tokyo Univ. professor Mr.Mitsukuri, he successfully cultivated half-pearls in 1893 in Akoya oyster shells in Ojima of Toba by trial and error.

 1930, Establishes perfectly round pearl culturing technique
Mr.Mikimoto made great efforts to cultivate perfectly round pearls but it was Tokichi Nishikawa his son-in-law who succeeded in perfecting technique of round pearl cultivation. This technique is known as "piece-method" of mantle lobe into some soft tissue.

Photo by Mikimoto Pearl Island Co.,Ltd.

 Meiji〜Taisho Era(1868〜1926) From simple cultivation to effective suspending cultivation
When pearl cultivation began, nucleated oysters were returned to the bottom of the ocean. However, there were many problems. Natural predators such as octopus and star fish and environmental problem such as red tide damage these oysters. To counter these problems, technique known as suspending cultivation was developed during the Meiji to Taisho Era. They put oysters in wire cages and suspended the cages from a raft. The scenery of pearl rafts was born during Meiji to Taisho Era and is well known as a pearl farming site nowadays.


| PAGE 1 | PAGE 2 | HOME |




Pearl of KOBE